Local Aboriginal people in bark canoes on Sydney Harbour, depicted by the Port Jackoson painter c1790 (image courtesy Thomas Watling Watling Collection,  Natural History Museum, London - 012643)

Local Aboriginal people in bark canoes on Sydney Harbour, depicted by the Port Jackoson painter c1790 (image courtesy Thomas Watling Watling Collection, Natural History Museum, London - 012643)

mubaya – speak an unknown language
yuridyuwa – sit near (to sit near anyone)
berewalgal – people from a distant place

Aboriginal people have always lived in Sydney. Following the arrival of the First Fleet in 1788, the British encountered Aboriginal people around the coves and bays of Port Jackson. The Aboriginal communities here were both generous and combative towards the colonisers. Many places around the harbour remained important hunting, fishing and camping grounds long after Europeans settlement, and continue to be culturally significant today.

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The dilapidated Marine Board ‘government’ boatsheds on the eastern side of Circular Quay, with Fort Macquarie in the distance (Mitchell Library, State Library of NSW - DL PXX 73/21-36)

Government Boatsheds

The government’s Marine Board boatsheds were on the eastern side of Circular Quay at Bennelong Point, just to the south of Fort Macquarie and the Sydney Rowing Club boatsheds. Around 18 Aboriginal people were camped here from 1879 through to July … Continued

Portraits of Biddy Salamander of the Broken Bay Tribe, Bulkabra Chief of Botany, Gooseberry Queen of Bungaree, as depicted by Charles Rodius in 1834 (Mitchell Library, State Library of NSW - SAFE / PXA 615, Digital Order No. a1114010)

Significant Aboriginal people in Sydney

Author: Anita Heiss In December 1788, not long after the landing of the First Fleet, Governor Phillip ordered the capture of Arabanoo (born c1758). Arabanoo was dressed in European clothes, trained in English and called Manly (after his place of … Continued

Title_People and Place

Aboriginal people and place

Author: Anita Heiss and Melodie-Jane Gibson The Council of the City of Sydney acknowledges Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as the traditional custodians of our land – Australia. The City acknowledges the Gadigal of the Eora Nation as the … Continued

People Ricketty Dick_a824002_HERO

Ricketty Dick

Author: Laila Ellmoos Ricketty Dick (c1795-1863) was an Aboriginal man who lived in Sydney in the early to mid-19th century. He was also known as Warrah Warrah or William (Bill) Warrah, Worrell or Worrall. Ricketty Dick was a familiar and … Continued

People Pemulwuy_nla34396_HERO

Pemulwuy

A Bidjigal man from the Botany Bay area of Sydney, Pemulwuy is remembered as a courageous resistance fighter between 1788 and 1802. Pemulwuy saw the damage done to Aboriginal society by the colonisers and was not tempted to befriend them … Continued

People Cora Gooseberry a824006h_HERO

Cora Gooseberry

Cora Gooseberry was wife to King Bungaree and was an identity in Sydney for 20 years after his death. She was known as ‘Queen of Sydney and Botany’ and ‘Queen of Sydney to South Head’ and was often seen wrapped … Continued

A portrait of Bennelong

Bennelong

Bennelong (who also went by the names Wolarwaree, Ogultroyee and Vogeltroya) was from the Wangal people and is regarded as one of the most significant and notable Aboriginal people in the early history of Australia. He became one of the … Continued

People Bungaree_a1114017h_HERO

Bungaree

Known for being able to straddle both black and white societies, King Bungaree was from the Garigal clan at Broken Bay and moved to the Sydney area. He was a diplomat, mediating between his own people and the government, and was an … Continued

People Colebee_012030_H_HERO

Colebee

Colebee (also known as Coleby) was a warrior of the Gadigal clan at Port Jackson when the British First Fleet arrived in 1788. The customs and lifestyle of the local Aboriginal people were broken down very early as the colonisers began … Continued

Arabanoo_a128359h_HERO

Arabanoo

Arabanoo (c1760-89) was the first of Governor Arthur Phillip’s protégés. Phillip’s plan was to learn the language and customs of the local people. He believed that if some of them could be trained in English, they could be used to … Continued

Title_Western Science

Western science and Aboriginal people

Author: Steven Ross Western Science is the great producer and indicator of progress and development. Hardly a life has been unaffected by western science in the 20th and 21st centuries as we become more reliant on science in our work, … Continued

Title_First Contact

First Contact

Author: Anita Heiss In 1770 Captain James Cook met few Aboriginal people on the Eastern Australian shoreline. Because they did not grow crops and because he assumed there were no inland fishable rivers, he concluded that Australia’s interior was empty. … Continued

Parish Map of St Philip

Dawes Point / Tar-Ra

The Aboriginal name for the peninsula on the western side of Sydney Cove is Tar-Ra. It is also known as Dawes Point because it was the site of an observatory built in April 1788 by Lieutenant William Dawes of the … Continued

Circular Quay / Warrane, Sydney

Circular Quay / Warrane

The Aboriginal name for Sydney Cove as recorded in a number of First Fleet journals, maps and vocabularies, was Warrane, also spelt as War-ran, Warrang and Wee-rong. This place is highly significant to both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people as a … Continued

A ceremony at Farm Cove

The Domain and Royal Botanic Gardens

The Governor’s Domain was proclaimed by Governor Lachlan Macquarie in 1812 to provide a parkland setting for First Government House. The grounds were much more extensive than today, taking in the Royal Botanic Gardens and extending to Woolloomooloo Bay to … Continued

A portrait of Bennelong

The site of First Government House

Sydney’s first Government House overlooking Sydney Cove was built for Governor Arthur Phillip in 1789. The building and its grounds were an important place of early contact and cross-cultural exchange between Sydney’s Aboriginal population and the colonists, as expressed through … Continued

1842 view of Hyde Park South

Hyde Park South

Until the mid-1820s, Aboriginal people travelled from all over Sydney, and as far away as the Hunter and the Illawarra, to gather at a ceremonial contest ground to the south of the city. The exact location of this site of … Continued

Shell fish hooks (bara)

The Australian Museum

The Australian Museum is Australia’s oldest natural history museum. It was established in 1827 when the British Colonial Office authorised a museum in NSW for the collection of ‘rare and curious specimens of natural history’. Today, it has a rich … Continued

Prince Alfred Park 1850

Prince Alfred Park (Cleveland Paddocks)

Prince Alfred Park, earlier known as Cleveland Paddocks, was an Aboriginal camp site until the mid-19th century. Sydney’s Aboriginal people lived here, west of the city centre, until the coming of the railway in 1855 and the subsequent use of … Continued

Lake Northam, Victoria Park, Glebe

Lake Northam

Blackwattle Creek was once a tidal watercourse that extended from its marshy headwaters at Glebe towards the suburbs of Redfern and Waterloo to the south. A remnant of this creek, Lake Northam, which is within Victoria Park, is a reminder … Continued

Bennelong Point / Dubbagullee, Sydney

Bennelong Point / Dubbagullee

Dubbagullee, the peninsula on the eastern side of Sydney Cove, was the site of a brick hut built for Bennelong by Governor Arthur Phillip in 1790. Within two years, Bennelong set sail for England with his young kinsman Yemmerrawanne and … Continued

John Lewin, ‘Fish catch and Dawes Point Sydney Harbour’

Lilyvale Camp Site

Before European settlement, the rocky ridge above the western side of Sydney Cove were thickly vegetated, its highest points covered with a dense forest of blackbutts and angophoras. During archaeological excavations for a hotel in The Rocks in 1989, remains … Continued

Excavation at Sheas Creek

Sheas Creek (Alexandra Canal) Alexandria

The earliest recorded excavation of an Aboriginal archaeological site in Sydney was uncovered on the banks of Sheas Creek in 1896 during construction of the Alexandra Canal. Artefacts included incised skeletal remains of a dugong and stone tool fragments. They … Continued

Tank Stream, emptying to Sydney Cove

Tank Stream Sydney

The watercourse named the Tank Stream was an important source of fresh water for local Aboriginal people living in Sydney before the arrival of European settlement. As the 19th century progressed and the population of Sydney grew, the Tank Stream … Continued